HC-05 FC-114 and HC-06 FC-114. Part 2 – Basic AT commands

Update 19.09.2015
The FC-114 boards I have have the Bolutek firmware. User DS has reported that he/she has FC-114 boards that have the linvorV1.8 firmware. So if the below does not work for you then check what firmware you have.

Since the HC-05 FC-114s and the HC-06 FC-11s share the same firmware the following should work on either module.

The default setting on start up is Slave Mode waiting for pairing or a connection and also accepting AT commands. This means it is fairly simply to start using AT commands.

HC-05 FC-114 & HC-06 FC-114_1200

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HC-05 FC-114 and HC-06 FC-114. First Look

I have just received some new HC-05 and HC-06 Bluetooth modules. These were sold as zs-040s which is the module I actually wanted but I received modules marked FC-114. They share the same breakout board as the zs-040 but have different pins soldered between the Bluetooth module and the breakout board and have a very different firmware.

HC-05_FC-114_&_HC-06_FC-114_001_1600

The small push button switch still has traces to pin 34 and still pulls pin 34 HIGH, however, on the FC-114 boards, pin 34 is a regular IO pin and closing the button switch doesn’t do anything. On the zs-040 boards, closing the button switch and pulling pin 34 HIGH puts the modules in to AT mode. Since the FC-114 starts in AT mode this is no big loss.

It took me a while to figure out the differences.
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HC-05 fs-040 State Pin

This post follows on from Arduino With HC-05 Bluetooth Module in Slave Mode

The STATE pin on the HC-05 zs050 board is connected to the LED 2 pin on the small bluetooth module and the LED 2 pin is used to indicate when there is an active connection. This means the Arduino can connect to the STATE pin and determine when we have a connection. The STATE pin is LOW when the HC-05 is not connected and HIGH when the HC-05 is connected.

As a quick visual indicator you can put a LED + suitable resistor on the STATE pin. When the module is connected the LED will light.

You can also use the Arduino to read the value of the STATE pin.

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Arduino and Visual Basic Part 3: Controlling an Arduino

I am still very new to Visual Basic and I have been surprised at how quickly you can develop working apps. My first attempt resulted in a very basic app to receive data from the Arduino which taught me the basics of serial communication in VB. The next step is two way communication and controlling the Arduino from the VB program. I already have a similar project arduinoBTcontrol, where the Arduino is controlled from an Android app over Bluetooth. So all I need do is tweek the Arduino sketch and recreate the Android app in VB.

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Arduino and Visual Basic Part 2: Receiving Data From the Arduino

This post continues from Arduino and Visual Basic Part 1: Receiving Data From the Arduino

In the previous post we received a stream of data from the Arduino and displayed it inside a Visual Basic text box. This is all well and good but we did not know what the data was, we simply received it and displayed it.

The next step is to send data that has some kind of meaning and display it in an appropriate field. This could be a temperature, a wind speed, a switch state or anything else. In the following example I am using a 1 wire temperature probe (it’s actually got 2 wires…), a potentiometer and a button switch.

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Arduino and Visual Basic Part 1: Receiving Data From the Arduino

After creating the dropControllerBT app and realizing how much easier controlling the dropController device is through the app I started to think about creating a PC app. I haven’t done any PC programming for many years and so I looked at what various options are currently available. Visual Basic kept being recommended for ease of use and quick development. Visual Basic comes as part of Microsoft’s Visual Studio Suite and I initially download and played with Visual Studio Express which in turn lead to Visual Studio Community. Both are free for personal use.

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arduinoBTcontrol

Updated on 06.08.2016

Controlling an Arduino over Bluetooth from Android using App Inventor 2

Here is an example of controlling the Arduino over Bluetooth using a HC-06 bluetooth module and an Android app. The example uses an Arduino Nano but other Arduinos will work just as well. A HC-05 module can be used stead of the HC-06.

arduinoBTcontrol - breadboard

The Android app was created in app inventor and the aia file can be downloaded at the bottom of the page.

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Arduino & ESP8266 Webserver

Update:
This is a very old guide and things have moved on a lot since this was written. One of the main advances is the ESP8266 core for the Arduino IDE. This means the ESP8266 can now be programmed like an Arduino and this is how I use them now, no more messing around with AT commands. For a general overview and examples of using the ESP8266 with the Arduino core see ESP8266 and the Arduino IDE.

 
Here is my first attempt at a web server using the ESP8266. It includes a request count and also a text input field.

ESP8266 webpage

Enter your name and hit submit

ESP8266 webpage 2

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FTDI + ESP8266

Just started to play with the ESP8266-01 modules. Purchased from Taobao.
ESP8266-01
These, I believe, are version 2 and have the LEDs near the antenna. When first started they identify themselves as [Vendor:www.ai-thinker.com Version:0.9.2.4] and are version 018000902-AI03. This is a custom firmware from ai-thinker.

There seems to be quite a few different versions of similar modules. And the same module could have one of several firmwares.

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Connecting 2 Arduinos by Bluetooth using a HC-05 and a HC-06: Pair, Bind, and Link

In a previous post I showed how the HC-05 can auto connect to other Bluetooth devices by setting the HC-05 to pair with any device using CMODE=1. This is quick and easy but does not give any control over which other device the HC-05 connects to.

In this post I show how to set up the HC-05 to always connect to the same HC-06 (or HC-05 in Slave mode). For this we use PAIR, BIND, and LINK.

NOTE: There are now newer modules that use a 3.0-20170601 firmware. This guide does not work for these modules (AT+INQ gives an error). I do not have any of the new modules and cannot find a reliable supplier. I have ordered 3 sets of BT modules believing they were the newer ones only to receive old ones.

If you have not yet bought BT Classic modules. I recommend buying the original HC ones. These are slightly (just a little bit) more expensive but are well supported and full documentation is available. Original HC modules have the HC logo screen printed on the main BT board and the current boards have a blue LED top left.

I am using 2 separate Arduino IDEs; version 1.6.3 which is installed, and version 1.0.5 which I run from a folder (it is the non install version). This allows me to use 2 IDEs at the same time, each connected to a different Arduino. It also gives me 2 serial monitors, one for each Arduino.

The modules used are the zs-040 versions of the HC-05 and the HC-06. The HC-05 has the Wavesen/HC firmware 2.0-20100601 and any any module running the same firmware will be the same.

The HC-05 has 2 AT command modes which I refer to as “mini” AT mode and “full” AT mode and some commands only work when in “full” AT mode. To enter “full” AT mode pin 34 needs to be HIGH and kept HIGH. To accomplish this I have made a connection from pin 34 to +3.3v. See the diagram below (or after the jump).

If you are not sure about At command mode take a look at Arduino with HC-05 (ZS-040) Bluetooth module – AT MODE

If you are not familiar with how the HC-06 and HC-05 work it may be worth while checking out some of the other posts:
HC-05 and HC-06 zs-040 Bluetooth modules
Arduino and HC-06 (ZS-040)
Arduino With HC-05 Bluetooth Module in Slave Mode
Connecting 2 Arduinos by Bluetooth using a HC-05 and a HC-06: Easy Method Using CMODE

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Connecting 2 Arduinos by Bluetooth using a HC-05 and a HC-06: Easy Method Using CMODE

Making a connection Between a HC-05 and a HC-06: Method 1

Using the CMODE command we have an easy way to connect the HC-05 and the HC-06 (or 2 HC05s). When the HC-O5 is configured to pair with any address (AT+CMODE=1) it should connect to a Slave module automatically. No binding etc is required.

I am using the zs-040 modules with firmware 2.0-20100601 and other modules with the same firmware will be the same. If you have issues check the data sheet for your module.

The Set Up

I am using 2 different Arduino IDEs; version 1.0.5 and version 1.6.3. This gives me 2 separate serial monitors. The Arduino connected to the HC-05 is on COM8 and the Arduino using the HC-06 is on COM17

ARD2ARD_SETUP_IDE

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Arduino with HC-05 (ZS-040) Bluetooth module – AT MODE

Since writing the below many more modules have been released using the zs-040 breakout boards. Some of the newer ones include modules with a version 3.0-20170601 firmware that work in a slightly different way. I still do not have any of these and so cannot help directly but searching for the firmware should get plenty of hits online and a good place to start is stack overflow and the Arduino forum.

 
Update 20.07.2017

The zs-040 breakout boards are now being used for many different modules and you may not have the exact same boards as those shown below. The modules I am using here use the EGBT-045MS Bluetooth module and have the HC/Wavesen 2.0-20100601 firmware. They also have an EN pin rather than a KEY pin and they have a small button switch just above the EN pin.

There are now newer zs-040 modules that use the real HC SMD modules, these have a newer firmware and include a blue LED at the top right of the SMD daughter board.

There are also modules that use the same breakout board but have different board markings such as the fc-114 modules:
HC-05 FC-114 and HC-06 FC-114. First Look
HC-05 FC-114 and HC-06 FC-114. Part 2 – Basic AT commands
HC-05 FC-114 and HC-06 FC-114. Part 3 – Master Mode and Auto Connect

 

AT Command Mode

AT command mode allows you to interrogate the Bluetooth module and to change some of the settings; things like the name, the baud rate, whether or not it operates in slave mode or master mode.
When used as a master device AT commands allow you to connect to other Bluetooth slave devices.

The HC/Wavesen 2.0-20100601 firmware has different AT modes:
A full mode at 38400 baud.
A partial mode at 38400 baud.
A partial mode at the user settable baud rate.
A partial mini mode (even less commands work) at the user settable baud rate.

Most commands work when in any AT command mode but there are some commands that only work when pin34 is HIGH. This fooled me for quite a while. I now believe the partial/mini AT command mode is a bug in the firmware and I now only recommend using the full 38400 baud rate AT command mode.

HC-05 zs-040

To activate AT mode on the HC-05 zs-040 modules pin 34 needs to be HIGH on power up. The small push button switch connects pin 34 to +3.3v so we can either:
– connect pin 34 directly to +3v3v and power on, or
– hold the button switch closed when starting the module.

Please be aware that for the full AT command mode, pin 34 has to be HIGH all the time and we cannot do this with just the button switch. When in AT command mode with pin 34 not HIGH (LOW or floating) some commands will not work and so, when using the button switch, you need to press and hold it closed when sending some commands.

Using the button switch to enter AT command mode using 38400 baud rate:
– 1. remove power from the module
– 2. Hold the small button switch closed while powering on the module.
– 3. Press and hold the button switch.
– 4. While still holding the button switch closed, apply power.
– 5. When you see the LED come on you can release the button switch.

Enters AT mode with the built in AT mode baud rate of 38400. The baud rate cannot be changed by the user.
This method allows the module to enter AT mode on start but but does not keep pin 34 HIGH and some commands will not work.

Alternatively, if you are using AT command mode for any length of time, make a direct connection between pin 34 and +3.3v. Either solder a wire to the pin or use a clip.
HC-05_AT_MODE_02_BreadBoard_ClipCloseup_01_1200

Using pin 34 to enter full AT command mode using 38400 baud rate.
– 1. Remove power from the module
– 2. Make a connection between pin 34 and +3.3v
– 3. Reapply power.

Enters AT mode with the built in AT mode baud rate of 38400. The baud rate cannot be changed by the user.
If you keep pin 34 HIGH you will enable the “full” AT mode which allows all AT commands to be used.
If you let pin 34 return LOW after power on then “mini” AT mode will be enabled.

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